Cable signal levels for all DOCSIS cable modems require to be within the acceptable level for the modem operate properly. The three signal levels that need to be within the acceptable level are Downstream Power, SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio), and Upstream Power. Downstream Power refers to the line signal sent from the cable provider to cable modem. Downstream SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) refers to the signal being sent in relation to the noise on the line. Upstream Power refers to the line signal from the cable modem to transmit data back to the cable provider. This document describes how to check the three signal levels to be within the acceptable level for the modem operate properly.
Checking Signal Level
Acceptable Signal Levels
- Launch a web browser, such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, or Safari. Enter http://192.168.100.1 into the address box and press the Enter key. The Connection page will appear.
NOTE 1: A security or private risk alert may appear on the web browser advising users to proceed with caution when accessing the Web Manager. There is no risk in proceeding to the Web Manager. For instructions to by-pass the alert screen, refer to article # 18181 - Alert Message for Web Manager Access.
NOTE 2: A login page may appear to access the Web Manager. Enter the default username admin in the Username field and enter the SB8200 last 8 digit of the serial number or customized password in the Password field. For additional information, refer to article # 16925 – SB8200: Web Manager Access.
- In the Downstream Bonded Channels section, verify Power levels are within the acceptable range of - 15 dBmV to + 15 dBmV for each downstream channel.
- In the Downstream Bonded Channels section, identify the Modulation and Power to find verify SNR levels are within the acceptable range for each downstream channel.
Acceptable SNR Levels (dB):
If QAM64, SNR should be 23.5 dB or greater.
If QAM256 and DPL( -6 dBmV to +15 dBmV) SNR should be 30 dB or greater.
If QAM256 and DPL(-15 dBmV to -6 dBmV) SNR should be 33 dB or greater.
- In the Upstream Bonded Channels section, identify the number of Channels and Type to find verify Upstream Power levels are within the acceptable range for each upstream channel.
Acceptable Upstream Power Levels (dBmV):
|Upstream Transmit Power Level|
|Channel||US Channel Type||Acceptable Upstream Power Levels|
|Single||SC-QAM||45 dBmV to 61 dBmV|
|Two||SC-QAM||45 dBmV to 54 dBmV|
|Three or more||SC-QAM||45 dBmV to 51 dBmV|
- Refresh the page at least twice to identify variations in SNR, Downstream Power, and Upstream Power.
NOTE: If the either of the signal levels are outside of the acceptable range, power cycle or factory reset the modem.
- Contact the cable provider to adjust the signal level to the acceptable level range.
|Recommended Min Downstream Power||Recommended Max Downstream Power|
|-15 dBmV||+15 dBmV|
|Downstream Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR)|
|Modulation||Downstream Power||Acceptable Downstream SNR|
|64 QAM||n/a||23.5 dB or greater|
|256 QAM||-6 dBmV to +15 dBmV||30 dB or greater|
|-15 dBmV to -6 dBmV||33 dB or greater|
|Upstream Transmit Power Level|
|Channel||US Channel Type||Recommended Min Upstream Power ||Recommended Max Upstream Power |
|Single||SC-QAM||45 dBmV||61 dBmV|
|Two ||SC-QAM||45 dBmV||54 dBmV|
|Three or more||SC-QAM||45 dBmV||51 dBmV|